Reproducibility of transthoracic echocardiography in small animals using clinical equipment.

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Erscheinungsjahr:
2007
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  • OBJECTIVE: Transthoracic echocardiography has been employed to assess left ventricular dimensions and function in small animals. The aim of this study was to identify the limits of transthoracic echocardiography in a commonly used Wistar rat model by assessing intraobserver variability, interobserver variability, and day-to-day variability of examinations implying registrations and measurements. METHODS: Twenty male adult Wistar rats (body weight 496+/-52 g) were examined under volatile isoflurane anesthesia (heart rate 302+/-26 bpm) by transthoracic echocardiography (Sonos 7500; Philips) with a 15 MHz-transducer. For calculation of intraobserver variability, examinations were repeated by the same examiner and for interobserver variability, examinations were performed independently by two investigators. For day-to-day variability, examinations were repeated 14 days later. Left ventricular diameters and areas were analyzed in parasternal short axis and in a modified parasternal long axis. Fractional shortening, area shortening, ejection fraction, stroke volume, and cardiac output were calculated. RESULTS: Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was 8.9+/-0.6 mm, fractional shortening 39.0+/-5.3%, area shortening 59.6+/-6.1%, ejection fraction 83.3+/-5.1%, stroke volume 0.24+/-0.06 ml, and cardiac output 72.9+/-20.6 ml/min. Intraobserver variability of left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, fractional shortening, area shortening, and ejection fraction was less than 10%, increasing to 19% for stroke volume and cardiac output. Interobserver variability of left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, fractional shortening, area shortening, ejection fraction was less than 13%, increasing to 23% for stroke volume and 25% for cardiac output. Day-to-day variability of left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, area shortening, ejection fraction was less than 11% whereas for stroke volume it was 21% and for cardiac output it was 22%. F-ratio test comparing investigated variabilities did not reveal significant differences. CONCLUSIONS: M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography in large rats by clinically common high-end ultrasound systems can be assessed reliably. Parameters of global left ventricular performance like stroke volume and cardiac output could not be assessed with similar reliability.
  • OBJECTIVE: Transthoracic echocardiography has been employed to assess left ventricular dimensions and function in small animals. The aim of this study was to identify the limits of transthoracic echocardiography in a commonly used Wistar rat model by assessing intraobserver variability, interobserver variability, and day-to-day variability of examinations implying registrations and measurements. METHODS: Twenty male adult Wistar rats (body weight 496+/-52 g) were examined under volatile isoflurane anesthesia (heart rate 302+/-26 bpm) by transthoracic echocardiography (Sonos 7500; Philips) with a 15 MHz-transducer. For calculation of intraobserver variability, examinations were repeated by the same examiner and for interobserver variability, examinations were performed independently by two investigators. For day-to-day variability, examinations were repeated 14 days later. Left ventricular diameters and areas were analyzed in parasternal short axis and in a modified parasternal long axis. Fractional shortening, area shortening, ejection fraction, stroke volume, and cardiac output were calculated. RESULTS: Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was 8.9+/-0.6 mm, fractional shortening 39.0+/-5.3%, area shortening 59.6+/-6.1%, ejection fraction 83.3+/-5.1%, stroke volume 0.24+/-0.06 ml, and cardiac output 72.9+/-20.6 ml/min. Intraobserver variability of left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, fractional shortening, area shortening, and ejection fraction was less than 10%, increasing to 19% for stroke volume and cardiac output. Interobserver variability of left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, fractional shortening, area shortening, ejection fraction was less than 13%, increasing to 23% for stroke volume and 25% for cardiac output. Day-to-day variability of left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, area shortening, ejection fraction was less than 11% whereas for stroke volume it was 21% and for cardiac output it was 22%. F-ratio test comparing investigated variabilities did not reveal significant differences. CONCLUSIONS: M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography in large rats by clinically common high-end ultrasound systems can be assessed reliably. Parameters of global left ventricular performance like stroke volume and cardiac output could not be assessed with similar reliability.
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  • info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
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Forschungsinformationssystem des UKE

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oai:pure.atira.dk:publications/c5eb522d-7967-4ad2-990b-343583b81213