Sunitinib treatment reduces tumor growth and limits changes in microvascular properties after minor surgical intervention in an in vivo model of secondary breast cancer growth in bone
- Cancer Medicine – University Cancer Center Hamburg (UCCH)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical interventions can alter the balance between pro- and anti-angiogenic growth factors and thereby modulate tumor growth. Since the microcirculatory properties of tumors underlie organ-specific differences, the microhemodynamic characteristics of bone metastasis have not yet been fully described. Angiogenesis inhibitors are increasingly being used to treat advanced stages of cancer. We hypothesized that the anti-angiogenic drug sunitinib abrogates alterations in microvascular properties following a minor surgical intervention in an in vivo model of secondary breast cancer growth in the bone.
METHODS: Intravital microscopy was performed over 25 days using a xenograft model of breast cancer tumor growth in the bone to determine changes in microvascular properties during sunitinib treatment. Mastectomy was performed on day 5 to evaluate the effect of a minor surgical trauma on tumor growth and microvascular properties.
RESULTS: Anti-angiogenic therapy resulted in reduced tumor growth, decreased vascular density, and increased vascular diameters. Blood flow velocity remained constant while microvascular permeability temporarily increased after the surgical intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: Administration of sunitinib reduced tumor growth and altered microcirculatory properties in a time-dependent manner. The observed dramatic increase in microvascular permeability after the surgical intervention may have implications for local tumor growth, and metastatic dissemination. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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