Innovative Aircraft Design – Options for a New Medium Range Aircraft

  • aircraft
  • design
  • optimization
  • Airbus
  • A320
  • fuel
  • economics
  • COC
  • DOC
  • costs
  • wing
  • take-off
  • landing
  • laminar flow
  • NLF
  • box wing aircraft
  • BWA
  • turboprop
  • biplane
  • box wing
  • winglets
  • drag
  • airport
  • span
  • ICAO
  • aerolectures2015
  • 2015
  • aerolectures
  • Task was to find an innovative aircraft design for a new medium range aircraft. The aircraft design methodology is based on equations (in contrast to numeric methods) and formal optimization with a genetic algorithm called differential evolution. Airbus has postponed an all-new A320 to 2025 or even 2030. This allows including also unconventional configurations into the search. Economic requirements are extreme: 25 % to 40 % reduction in fuel consumption, 35 % reduction in Cash Operating Costs. To achieve this, all aircraft design parameters have to be open for discussion. An aircraft called "The Rebel" is prepared to go to extreme parameters: low cruise speed, high wing span and long take-off and landing distance. Without new technologies it achieves 36 % reduced fuel consumption. The "Smart Turboprop" stays in conventional limits with its parameters, but makes use of a braced wing with natural laminar flow. It also achieves 36 % reduced fuel consumption plus a 17 % reduction in Direct Operating Costs (DOC). In addition, several Box Wing Aircraft where designed: Diamond Box Wing and Biplane Box Wing as Wide Body and alternatively as Slender Body. The Biplane Box Wing shows overall advantages due to its conventional tail. The details of Box Wing Aircraft design where mastered, but the Direct Operating Costs of the Box Wing Aircraft turned out to be higher than those of the A320 reference. This leaves the "Smart Turboprop" as the proposed configuration for an Airbus A320 replacement. As a short term measure, it is proposed to offer a horizontal wing tip extension as an option for the A320neo instead of the winglets. An extension with the same length as the winglet height offers far greater drag reduction. Airports will tolerate and accommodate some aircraft with a wing span above the ICAO limit in Class C of 36 m.

  • Hamburg Aerospace Lecture Series --- Collection of Presentations ---
  • {"references": ["BACHMANN, Justin: In the Battle of the New 737 and A320, Passengers Won't See Much New at All. Bloomberg Business. - Available from:", "WARWICK, Graham: Airbus, Snecma Tackle Open-Rotor Integration. Aviation Week & Space Technology. 2014-03-31. - Available from:", "INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION (ICAO): Annex 14 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation : Aerodromes, Volume 1, Aerodrome Design and Operations. ICAO, July 2013. - Available from:", "NI\u0162\u0102, Mihaela Florentina: Contributions to Aircraft Preliminary Design and Optimization. M\u00fcnchen : Verlag Dr. Hut, 2013. \u2013 ISBN 978-3-8439-1163-4, Dissertation, Download:", "NITA, Mihaela; SCHOLZ, Dieter: Estimating the Oswald Factor from Basic Aircraft Geometrical Parameters. In: Publikationen zum DLRK 2012 (Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress, Berlin, 10. - 12. September 2012). - URN: urn:nbn:de:101:1-201212176728. DocumentID: 281424. Download:", "WUTTKE, Thomas: Airport Compatibility of Medium Range Aircraft with Large Wing Span. Hamburg : Maxkon., 2014. \u2013 Report written as part of", "HEPPERLE, M.: MDO of Forward Swept Wings : Presentation at KATnet II Workshop. Braunschweig, 28. - 29. January 2008. - Available from:"]}
  • info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Prof. Scholz @ Zenodo

Interne Metadaten