Perihematomal diffusion restriction as a common finding in large intracerebral hemorrhages in the hyperacute phase
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence that a perihematomal area of restricted diffusion (PDR) exists in intraparenchymal hemorrhages (IPH) within 1 week of symptom onset (SO). Here, we study characteristics and the clinical impact of the PDR in patients with hyperacute (≤ 6 hours from SO) IPH by means of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC).
METHODS: This monocentric, retrospective study includes 83 patients with first-ever primary IPH from 09/2002-10/2015. 3D volumetric segmentation was performed for the IPH, PDR, and perihematomal edema (PHE) on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, T2*/susceptibility weighted images, and ADC images.
RESULTS: A PDR was seen in 56/83 patients (67.5%) presenting with hyperacute IPH. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed every 10-year increase of age (HR 1.929, 95% CI 1.047-3.552, P = .035) and male gender (HR 5.672, 95% CI 1.038-30.992, P = .045) as significant predictors of the presence of a PDR, but not IPH size, IPH location, nor National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale Score (NIHSS) at admission. We found no difference in NIHSS at discharge, hematoma removal, or mortality rate in PDR-positive patients. ADC values of the PDR show a step-wise normalization with increasing time from SO.
CONCLUSIONS: Occurrence of a PDR is a common finding in supratentorial hyperacute IPH, but shows no adverse short-term clinical impact. It may represent transient oligemic and metabolic changes.
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