Early clinical course after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: comparison of patients treated with Woven EndoBridge, microsurgical clipping, or endovascular coiling
BACKGROUND: The Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device has been increasingly used for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Still, recent major clinical trials on patient management after SAH have defined WEB embolization as an exclusion criterion. In an analysis of an unselected patient cohort, we evaluate the early clinical course of SAH patients after WEB treatment compared to those treated with endovascular coiling or surgical clipping.
METHODS: Data of all patients with proven SAH who were either treated with a WEB device, coil embolization, or neurosurgical clipping between March 2015 and August 2018 was systematically reviewed. Clinical parameters on intensive care unit (ICU), medical history and mortality rates were evaluated and compared between the different treatment approaches.
RESULTS: Of all 201 patients included, 107 patients received endovascular coil embolization, 56 patients were treated with clipping and in 38 cases a WEB device was placed. The overall mortality was 17.9%. Thirteen patients (34.2%) in the WEB group had a Hunt and Hess grade > 3. Essential medical factors showed no clinically relevant differences between the treatment groups, and the analyzed blood parameters were predominantly within physiological limits without any relevant outliers. The Hunt and Hess grade but not the treatment modality was identified as independent risk-factor associated with ICU-mortality in the overall cohort (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: In this study, there was no difference in the early clinical course between those treated with WEB embolization, coil embolization, or neurosurgical clipping. Since WEB embolization is a valuable treatment alternative to coiling, it seems not justified to exclude this procedure from upcoming clinical SAH trials, yet the clinical long-term outcome, aneurysm occlusion, and retreatment rates have to be analyzed in further studies.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: not applicable.
- Forschungsinformationssystem des UKE