Formation and Climate Impact from Contrails

Link:
Autor/in:
Verlag/Körperschaft:
Zenodo
Erscheinungsjahr:
2021
Medientyp:
Text
Schlagworte:
  • aviation
  • aircraft
  • climate
  • atmosphere
  • engine
  • emission
  • water
  • contrail
  • cirrus
  • cloud
  • global warming
  • radiation
  • ice
  • crystal
  • formation
  • coverage
  • sedimentation
  • life time
  • CO2
  • NOX
  • simulation
  • model
  • AIC
  • DLR
  • aerolectures
  • aerolectures2021
Beschreibung:
  • Today, air traffic is estimated to contribute between 3.5% and 5% to the anthropogenic forcing of climate change. Contrail cirrus, the cirrus clouds that form within the aircraft plume, account for the largest share of the aviation related forcing, larger than the forcing from aviation CO2 emissions. Contrails form when the aircraft exhaust mixes with environmental air, and during this mixing the plume relative humidity increases so much that water saturation is exceeded. Contrail formation increases cirrus cloudiness and modifies the radiation budget of the earth. This change in the radiation budget can be estimated using climate models that include a representation of contrail cirrus processes. The impact of contrail cirrus on radiation is dependent on contrail cirrus optical properties and their life time or coverage. Properties and life times are controlled by microphysical processes such as ice formation, i.e. processes on the scale of a single ice crystal. Simulations can be compared to in-situ or remote sensing measurements and the sensitivity of simulated contrail cirrus properties and radiative forcing to emissions can be explored.

  • Hamburg Aerospace Lecture Series --- Collection of Presentations --- http://www.AeroLectures.de
relatedIdentifier:
DOI 10.5281/zenodo.5893117 URL https://zenodo.org/communities/aerolectures
Lizenzen:
  • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode
  • info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Quellsystem:
Hamburg Aerospace Lecture Series

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Quelldatensatz
oai:zenodo.org:5893118