Copeptin improves early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction
OBJECTIVES: Early identification of myocardial infarction in chest pain patients is crucial to identify patients at risk and to maintain a fast treatment initiation.
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current investigation is to test whether determination of copeptin, an indirect marker for arginin-vasopressin, adds diagnostic information to cardiac troponin in early evaluation of patients with suspected myocardial infarction.
METHODS: Between January 2007 and July 2008, patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome were consecutively enrolled in this multicenter study. Copeptin, troponin T (TnT), myoglobin, and creatine kinase-myocardial band were determined at admission and after 3 and 6 h.
RESULTS: Of 1,386 (66.4% male) enrolled patients, 299 (21.6%) had the discharge diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, 184 (13.3%) presented with unstable angina, and in 903 (65.2%) an acute coronary syndrome could be excluded. Combined measurement of copeptin and TnT on admission improved the c-statistic from 0.84 for TnT alone to 0.93 in the overall population and from 0.77 to 0.9 in patients presenting within 3 h after chest pain onset (CPO) (p < 0.001). In this group the combination of copeptin with a conventional TnT provided a negative predictive value of 92.4%.
CONCLUSIONS: In triage of chest pain patients, determination of copeptin in addition to troponin improves diagnostic performance, especially early after CPO. Combined determination of troponin and copeptin provides a remarkable negative predictive value virtually independent of CPO time and therefore aids in early and safe rule-out of myocardial infarction.
- Forschungsinformationssystem des UKE