Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Treatment Strategy, Characteristics of Consecutive Atrial Tachycardia and Long-Term Outcome

Link:
Autor/in:
Erscheinungsjahr:
2021
Medientyp:
Text
Beschreibung:
  • Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and is associated with a deterioration of clinical status. Ablation of symptomatic AF is an established therapy, but in HCM, the characteristics of recurrent atrial arrhythmias and the long-term outcome are uncertain. 

    Methods and Results: Sixty-five patients with HCM (aged 64.5±9.9 years, 42 [64.6%] men) underwent AF ablation. The ablation strategy included pulmonary vein isolation in all patients and ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms or subsequent atrial tachycardias (AT) if appropriate. Paroxysmal, persistent AF, and a primary AT was present in 13 (20.0%), 51 (78.5%), and 1 (1.5%) patients, respectively. Twenty-five (38.4%) patients developed AT with a total number of 54 ATs. Stable AT was observed in 15 (23.1%) and unstable AT in 10 (15.3%) patients. The mechanism was characterized as a macroreentry in 37 (68.5%), as a localized reentry in 12 (22.2%), a focal mechanism in 1 (1.9%), and not classified in 4 (7.4%) ATs. After 1.9±1.2 ablation procedures and a follow-up of 48.1±32.5 months, freedom of AF/AT recurrences was demonstrated in 60.0% of patients. No recurrences occurred in 84.6% and 52.9% of patients with paroxysmal and persistent AF, respectively (P<0.01). Antiarrhythmic drug therapy was maintained in 24 (36.9%) patients. 

    Conclusions: AF ablation in patients with HCM is effective for long-term rhythm control, and especially patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing pulmonary vein isolation have a good clinical outcome. ATs after AF ablation are frequently observed in HCM. Freedom of atrial arrhythmia is achieved by persistent AF ablation in a reasonable number of patients even though the use of antiarrhythmic drug therapy remains high.

  • Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and is associated with a deterioration of clinical status. Ablation of symptomatic AF is an established therapy, but in HCM, the characteristics of recurrent atrial arrhythmias and the long‐term outcome are uncertain. Methods and Results Sixty‐five patients with HCM (aged 64.5±9.9 years, 42 [64.6%] men) underwent AF ablation. The ablation strategy included pulmonary vein isolation in all patients and ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms or subsequent atrial tachycardias (AT) if appropriate. Paroxysmal, persistent AF, and a primary AT was present in 13 (20.0%), 51 (78.5%), and 1 (1.5%) patients, respectively. Twenty‐five (38.4%) patients developed AT with a total number of 54 ATs. Stable AT was observed in 15 (23.1%) and unstable AT in 10 (15.3%) patients. The mechanism was characterized as a macroreentry in 37 (68.5%), as a localized reentry in 12 (22.2%), a focal mechanism in 1 (1.9%), and not classified in 4 (7.4%) ATs. After 1.9±1.2 ablation procedures and a follow‐up of 48.1±32.5 months, freedom of AF/AT recurrences was demonstrated in 60.0% of patients. No recurrences occurred in 84.6% and 52.9% of patients with paroxysmal and persistent AF, respectively (P<0.01). Antiarrhythmic drug therapy was maintained in 24 (36.9%) patients. Conclusions AF ablation in patients with HCM is effective for long‐term rhythm control, and especially patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing pulmonary vein isolation have a good clinical outcome. ATs after AF ablation are frequently observed in HCM. Freedom of atrial arrhythmia is achieved by persistent AF ablation in a reasonable number of patients even though the use of antiarrhythmic drug therapy remains high.
Lizenz:
  • info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
Quellsystem:
Forschungsinformationssystem des UKE

Interne Metadaten
Quelldatensatz
oai:pure.atira.dk:publications/bb00f339-c4f1-4a24-b855-8e2ce5913252